Glasgow University

Glasgow University, James McCune Smith Learning Hub, Glasgow G12 8QQ

Glasgow University Headline Facts :

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354 reconstructed stone panels constructed offsite, covering 4,184m2.

Contractor : Multiplex

Architect : HLM Architects

Wick High School

Wick High School, 7 Newton Road, Wick KW1 5SA

Wick High School Headline Facts:

511 reconstructed stone panels, covering 3,420 square meters.

Contractor : Morrison

Architect : Ryder Architecture

Theatre Royal

Theatre Royal, 282 Hope Street, Glasgow G2 3QA

Theatre Royal Headline Facts:

27 reconstructed stone panels, covering 340 square meters.

Contractor : Sandy Brown

Architect : Page / Park

Scottish Power

Scottish Power, 320 Street Vincent Street, Glasgow G2 5AD

Scottish Power Headline Facts:

983 reconstructed stone panels, covering 14,472 square meters.

Contractor : Laing O’Rourke

Architect : Paige Park Architects

Scottish Crime Campus

Scottish Crime Campus, Craignethan Drive, Gartcosh, Glenboig, Glasgow G69 8AE

Scottish Crime Campus Headline Facts:

405 reconstructed stone panels, covering 8,100 square meters.

Contractor : Graham Construction

Architect : Ryder

Holyrood South

Holyrood South, 96 Holyrood Road, Edinburgh EH8 8AJ

Holyrood South Headline Facts

136 reconstructed stone panels, covering 1,880 square meters.

Contractor : Balfour Beatty

Architect : Richard Murphy Architects

Glasgow City Campus

Glasgow City Campus, Glasgow

Glasgow City Campus Headline Facts:

1,231 reconstructed stone panels, covering 14,263 square meters.

Contractor : Sir Robert McAlpine

Architect : Michael Laird / Reich and Hall

Glasgow Academy

Glasgow Academy, Colebrooke Street, Glasgow G12 8HE

Glasgow Academy Headline Facts:

328 reconstructed stone panels covering 2,631 square meters.

Contractor : Dunne Group

Architect : Page / Park

Edinburgh Conference Centre

Edinburgh Conference Centre, The Exchange, 150 Morrison Street, Edinburgh EH3 8EE

Edinburgh Conference Centre Headline Facts:

Reconstructed stone panels

Contractor : Sir Robert McAlpine

Architect : Terry Farrell

Craigmillar Library

Craigmillar Library, 101 Niddrie Mains Road, Edinburgh EH16 4DS

Craigmillar Library Headline Facts:

300 reconstructed stone panels covering 2,600 square meters.

Contractor : Graham Construction

Architect : Keppie Architects


Collegelands, Havannah Street, Glasgow G4 0UB

Collegelands Headline Facts:

750 brick faced and reconstructed stone panels, covering 8,500 square meters.

Contractor : Dawn Construction

Architect : Page Park Architects

Anne Rowling Clinic

Anne Rowling Regenerative Clinic, Chancellor’s Building, University of Edinburgh, 49 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4SB

Anne Rowling Regenerative Clinic Headline Facts:

25 reconstructed stone panels, covering 285 square meters.

Contractor : Mansell

Architect : Keppie

Victoria & Albert Museum

Victoria and Albert Museum, 1 Riverside Esplanade, Dundee DD1 4EZ

V&A Museum Headline Facts:

2,400 reconstructed stone panels, covering 8,787 square meters.

Contractor : BAM

Architect : Kengo Kuma & Associates

The Finer Details:

Situated on the River Tay, the Victoria & Albert Museum of Design Dundee (V&A Dundee) is the first V&A to be built outside London.  The striking structure was designed by Kengo Kuma with BAM as the main contractor.  It enjoys the enviable position as neighbour to the RSS Discovery which transported Shackleton and Scott on the Discovery Expedition to the Antarctic in 1901.

Video Credit : Blair Gibson

The design of the façade drew inspiration from the Scottish cliffs and the silhouette of the impressive façade imitates the shape of a ship at dock.  Due to the complex geometric slopes and curvatures, coupled with its exposure to the Scottish weather and its proximity to the North Sea marine environment, architectural concrete was the favoured material option for this project.

Techrete started design work on the £5.6million package of precast planks, which underwrite the design intent, in June 2015.  BIM was utilised during this stage for the planks but more interestingly and innovatively it was used to accurately locate where the cast-in channels were to be placed in the walls to facilitate the precast fixings.  A GPS system of precise co-ordinates was developed to ensure total accuracy of the interface between the cast-in channels and fixings on the panels during the installation process.   There were approximately 18,000 channels cast in total.  Pioneering bespoke fixings were also engineered by Techrete which contributed to the overall speed of installation.  These fixings were specially designed with marine grade materials to ensure there would be no corrosion due to its maritime location.

Due to the complexity of the curvature and complex geometric slopes of the façade mentioned previously, the manufacture of the moulds, in itself, presented some challenges.  From a distance, the planks look almost uniform, with a slightly non-linear appearance. However, whilst the planks from the anterior aspect are a comparable size, the posterior of the planks are differing sizes and orientations.  The traditional mould manufacture process to facilitate such diversity in the planks, would have proved very costly with a lot of wastage so Techrete experimented during the mock up phase and initially toyed with the idea of devising a hydraulic driven adjustable mould.  This method was examined and it was deemed economically prohibitive.  Through an advanced design process and collaboration with a steel mould builder, a rotating steel mould was devised that enabled the mould to rotate on large rollers and had the capability to lock the form at given angles which were required for the diversity at the posterior of the units.  The fully adjustable steel moulds facilitated quick and easy mould changes, were simple to operate and adjust and eliminated the need for a high volume of moulds thus reducing waste and improving quality.

Careful consideration went into the choice of design mix.  With such a detailed design brief for this structure, Techrete worked very closely at design stage to agree a mix that would encompass all the elements detailed.  The chosen mix was a C155 in an exposed finish.  This mix encompasses all the  design elements one would expect and draws heavily on the design intent to reflect the Scottish cliffs.  The mix consists of reconstituted granite which drew direct inspiration from the rugged Scottish landscape and it was further decided to enhance this mix by exposing the aggregates with the use of a retarder during the production stage.  This was effect was further heightened with a light power washing to further expose the aggregates.  The overall effect is a striking contemporary structure with all the ruggedness traditionally associated with the highlands of Scotland.

The manufacturing period, which occupied approximately 15% of the production capacity, commenced in August 2016 and the duration was a year.  Two months of preparatory site works were undertaken to ensure a seamless installation of the 8,787 linear meters of planks, ranging in weight from 0.9 tonnes up to 2.8 tonnes.  The site works, and previously mentioned GPS system facilitated a high level of accuracy when installing the panels.  The programme was initially designed to install all planks in a 36 week period but due to the innovative GPS system of placing fixings, coupled with the preparatory site works, and pioneering fixings, this was reduced to 28 weeks whilst on occasions installing up to 22 planks per day  which in turn reduced the overall programme for the project.  Higher level planks were installed using mobile cranes but those on the lower levels, due to their underslung nature, had to be installed with a specialist bespoke lifting equipment designed by Techrete and their specialist lifting equipment supplier.  The onsite installation commenced in March 2017 and was complete by the end of October 2017.

The technical innovation displayed during design, production and installation further strengthens and displays the versatility of precast concrete in delivering on design intent that otherwise may be unachievable with other materials and traditional methods of construction.